Design principles describe how artists use elements of art in a work of art. Balance is the distribution of the visual weighting of objects, colors, texture and space. Designers should understand how each of these design principles actually affects their work. Studying how other designers have implemented these ideas to structure their own designs is also an incredibly valuable tool to learn how to create better designs. In each work of art, there is a process of reflection for the layout and use of the elements of the design. The artist, who works with the principles of good composition, will create a more interesting piece; it is arranged to show a pleasant rhythm and movement. The center of interest will be strong and the viewer will not look away, but they will be drawn into the work. A good knowledge of composition is essential to the production of good works of art. Some artists bend or ignore these rules and experiment with them different forms of expression. The next page examines the important principles of composition.
Proportion is one of the easiest design principles to understand. Simply put, it is the size of the elements compared to the other. Proportion indicates what is important in a design and what is not. The larger elements are more important, the smaller elements less. The basic design principle of the accent is used either to highlight certain elements of a design (for example. B by using contrasting colors, increase the white space around them, etc.) or not to get out of the way (as if by including a tiny “fine print” at the bottom of a page). Spiritual paintings from other cultures use the same balance for similar reasons. Sano di Pietros “Madonna of Humility”, painted around 1440, is centrally positioned, maintains the Christmas child and forms a triangular design, its head and flowing dress form a broad base at the bottom of the image. Their halos are visually enhanced with the heads of the angels and the arc of the frame.
Top Navigation is one of the most ubiquitous design models on the Internet, illustrated here on Isabelle Fox`s website. A final example of The Art of Burkina Faso`s Christopher D. Roy of the University of Iowa discusses both the design characteristics and the idea behind art. Many world cultures include works of art in ceremony and ritual. African Bwa masks are large, graphically painted in black and white and usually attached to fiber suits that cover the head. They represent mythical characters and animals or are abstract and have a stylized face with a high rectangular wooden plank fixed at the top. They are part of a community that pours out cultural expression and emotions. Other design principles are also discussed in various articles on the subject. These include typography, colour, shape principles, grid and alignment, cream and shape. Some certainly fit the definition of “principles,” while others are more like design elements.
The traditional art of Australian Aboriginal culture uses repetition and motifs almost exclusively as decoration and to give symbolic images. The coolamon, or cashier below, is painted in tree bark and with stylized patterns of colorful dots that have trails, landscapes or animals. You can see how fairly simple patterns create rhythmic waves on the work surface.