The parties agreed to establish important procedural safeguards for the recognition of new geographic indications (G.A.), including strong protection standards against the issuance of geographical indications that would prevent the use of common names by the United States, as well as the establishment of a mechanism for consultation between the parties on future geographical indications, in accordance with international agreements. U.S. dairy farmers will have new export opportunities to sell dairy products in Canada. Canada will provide new access to U.S. products, including liquid milk, cream, butter, skimmed milk powder, cheese and other dairy products. It will also eliminate its tariffs on whey and margarine. For poultry, Canada will provide new access to chickens and eggs in the United States and increase access for turkeys. Under a modernized agreement, all other tariffs on agricultural products traded between the United States and Mexico remain zero. Before work, here`s some background. The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the multilateral organization that has established the basic rules of trade among its 164 member states, including the United States. Within the WTO, there are two non-tariff agreements that directly affect FDA regulators: the Agreement on the Application of Health and Plant Health Measures (SPS), which includes food and animal safety measures essential to the protection of human and animal health, and the agreement on technical barriers to trade or the CTA, which covers the technical rules necessary to ensure compliance with FDA requirements (and packaging).
transparency, normative measures and compliance assessment. The United States, Mexico and Canada have reached an agreement to modernize NAFTA, which is 25 years old, into a high-level agreement of the 21st century. The new agreement between the United States and Mexico-Canada (USMCA) will support mutually beneficial trade, which will lead to freer markets, fairer trade and robust economic growth in North America. Sectoral chapters, including Chapter 12, on FDA-regulated products have not been considered in most previous trade agreements, including NAFTA. Therefore, the inclusion of these annexes by the USMCA is an innovation not only in U.S. trade policy, but also for international public health. The FDA was an important member of the U.S. team that negotiated the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), which came into effect on July 1 of this year.
From the FDA`s perspective, the agreement adapts regulatory standards to public administration practices, improves the quality of products available to U.S. consumers and a level playing field for U.S. companies. The United States, Mexico and Canada have reached an agreement for the good of U.S. farmers, ranchers and agricultural companies.